Cause and Effect in European Politics and Law

Croats Are to Choose a Government that will Take Them to EU on Dec 4

Dessislava Dimitrova, November 7, 2011

While the Croatian governing party is shaking with scandals and shortly before the country is to officially sign its EU accession treaty, the Croatian voters will have to chose who should lead the country as a full member of the EU. After local deputies decided to dissolve Parliament last week, late on Wednesday Croatian President Ivo Josipovic said in a televised statement that he had scheduled presidential elections for December 4.

It was only a matter of time the parliament to be dissolved and the president to set a date for elections, taking into consideration that in the last few months the government's support has been falling. According to preliminary estimates, the HDZ party, led by Prime Minister Jadranka Kosor, will definitely lose the forthcoming elections as it has the support of only 24.2% of the eligible voters, while more than half of the Croats would cast their ballot for the opposition social-democratic party, SDP, led by Zoran Milinovic.

According to analysts, however, the expected loss will not only bring the democrats away from power but will also make the party fall apart, which has been ruling for 16 out of 20 years since the country gained independence, while Kosor will have to leave the leadership post.

On the other hand, just a few days before elections were called, the Croatian bureau for fighting organised crime and corruption (USKOK) launched an investigation against the HDZ as a legal entity. The party is charged with financing its election campaigns in 2003, 2005 and 2007 via illegal fund-raising. According to local media, charges have been pressed also on former Prime Minister Ivo Sanader, the party’s ex secretary general, the cashier and the speaker. The investigation, however, will not affect incumbent Prime Minister Jadranka Kosor.

In the meantime, after being delayed last week, on Thursday the first in a raw of trials against Ivo Sanader started in Zagreb. He is accused of receiving a large sum for arranging a loan to Croatia from the Austrian Hypo Bank in mid-90’s.

Under the threat that all party’s assets will be frozen, Kosor has already said that the HDZ will finance its election campaign with a bank loan. Despite the current problems in the party, she reiterated that “HDZ will continue to fight corruption until its last breath” and that “the place of every criminal is in prison.”

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